Philosophy and Society (M.A.)

The Master of Arts in Philosophy and Society (MAPS) trains students in Jesuit formation to analyze the human condition amidst and through the complex social, political, economic, and cultural contexts that characterize the contemporary global landscape. Its innovative and interdisciplinary curriculum leverages the best of the Catholic intellectual tradition and Fordham’s disciplinary strengths in philosophy, theology, the social and natural sciences, the arts, and the humanities to advance knowledge and learning that promote faith and social justice. Through the program’s integration of the Catholic tradition, contextually oriented ministry in solidarity with local communities, and interdisciplinary intellectual formation, this program challenges students to respond effectively to a world that needs well-formed minds and open hearts.

Guidelines and Information

GSAS will waive all application fees from members of the Society of Jesus to the M.A. in Philosophy and Society (MAPS) program.

Completed online application for the MAPS program will include each of the following items:

  • Resume/CV (up to two pages in length, submitted via the online application)
  • Official degree transcripts confirming prior degree conferral should be ordered at least one month prior to the application deadline. Please ensure that they are sent directly to the Office of Admissions (fuga@fordham.edu) via secure electronic delivery. If electronic delivery is not available, please request that your transcripts be submitted directly via post, in a sealed envelope, to: Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Office of Admissions, Fordham University, 441 E. Fordham Rd., Bronx, NY 10458. Please note: you may upload unofficial copies of your transcripts to your application while the Office of Admissions awaits receipt of your official transcripts.
  • Official Graduate Record Examination (GRE) Scores: Due to the impact of COVID-19 on standardized testing, GRE scores for the M.A. program are optional for the 2021-2022 admissions cycle. Applicants who wish to submit GRE scores may do so, but scores are not required (scores should be sent directly by the testing service to the Office of Graduate Admissions, Fordham University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences – Code #2259)
  • Statement of intent (up to 500 words, submitted electronically, via the online application)
  • Writing Sample (5–20 pages in length, submitted electronically, via the online application)
  • Three letters of recommendation (submitted directly by referees via the online application)

English Proficiency

International applicants whose native language is not English are required to complete and submit to GSAS prior to matriculation their official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). GSAS will also consider a student’s International English Language Testing System (IELTS)—Cambridge English Proficiency Level language testing results and the Duolingo English Test (DET) as an assessment of your English competency. 

Official TOEFL, IELTS, or DET scores should be sent directly by the testing service to the Office of Graduate Admissions, Fordham University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences – code #2259. Please consult the English Proficiency web page for additional information.

Exam Score
TOEFL iBT 100
IELTS 7.0 band score
DET 120

The M.A. in Philosophy and Society is a three-year, 69-credit program. See lists following the below grid for courses fulfilling the specified requirements.

Course Title Credits
Philosophical Core
MAPS 5500Introduction to Philosophical Inquiry3
PHIL 5010Introduction to St. Thomas Aquinas3
PHIL 5012Introduction to St. Augustine3
Three credits in Ancient Philosophy3
Three credits in Early Modern Philosophy3
Three credits in Contemporary Philosophy3
Three credits in Ethics, Normative Ethics, and Natural Law3
Contextual Analysis and Preparation for Ministry
HIST 5924Latin American History and Culture3
MAPS 5100Introduction to Contextual Learning and the Bronx3
MAPS 5201Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry I1
MAPS 5202Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry II1
MAPS 5203Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry III1
PCGR 6440Pastoral Counseling Skills3
PMGR 6650Ethics in Pastoral Ministry3
Jesuit Studies
MAPS 5301History and Culture of the Jesuits I1
MAPS 5302History and Culture of the Jesuits II1
MAPS 5303History and Culture of the Jesuits III1
Three credits in Navigating the Contexts of Mission3
Theological Core
THEO 5690Church in Controversy3
Three credits in Theologies of Gender and Sexuality3
Cultural Context Modules
MAPS 5401Contours of the Ancient and Late Antique World 11
MAPS 5402Contours of the Late Medieval and Early Modern World 21
MAPS 5403Contours of Modernity and Postmodernity 31
Interdisciplinary Core
Choose three credits from each of the following areas:
Justice and Human Rights3
Race and Racism3
Environmental Studies and Sciences 43
Electives 56
Choose at least six credits across Philosophical, Theological, and Interdisciplinary electives, following the discipline-specific credit requirements.
Philosophical Electives
Theological Electives
Interdisciplinary Electives
Capstone
MAPS 6000Concluding Integration Capstone Seminar3
Language Requirement 6
Reading knowledge of a language other than English
Spanish language proficiency
Total Credits69
1

This coursework should be completed when the student is studying Ancient Philosophy.

2

This coursework should be completed when the student is studying Early Modern Philosophy.

3

This coursework should be completed when the student is studying Contemporary Philosophy.

4

Students without the requisite scientific background may be required to complete an additional basic science course.

5

Please see below requirements for discipline-specific credits that should guide students' choice of electives.

6

See below information regarding language requirement completion.


Discipline-Specific Credit Requirements

By the conclusion of the program, students must complete the three below credit requirements.

Philosophy Requirement

  • A minimum of 30 credits in Philosophy (graduate courses with the subject code PHIL); MAPS 6000 Concluding Integration Capstone Seminar also counts towards this requirement

Theology Requirement

  • A minimum of 24 credits across the following:
    • Theology (graduate courses with the subject code THEO)
    • Graduate School of Religion and Religious Education courses with the subject codes SPGRRLGRPCGRREGR, and PMGR
    • Contextual Analysis and Preparation for Ministry courses (MAPS 5201 Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry IMAPS 5202 Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry II, and MAPS 5203 Ignatian Reflection on Contextual Ministry III do not count towards this requirement)

Interdisciplinary Requirement

  • A minimum of 9 interdisciplinary credits across the following:
    • Cultural Context Modules (MAPS 5401 Contours of the Ancient and Late Antique World, MAPS 5402 Contours of the Late Medieval and Early Modern World, and MAPS 5403 Contours of Modernity and Postmodernity)
    • Any course on the list of Interdisciplinary courses (PSIC attribute)
    • Courses outside of Philosophy and Theology that fulfill Interdisciplinary Core requirements (Justice and Human Rights, Race and Racism, and Environmental Studies Sciences); these courses, except for those in ENGL, HIST, and MVST (see below) all have the PSIC (Interdisciplinary Course) attribute
    • Any graduate-level course with the subject codes ENGL, HIST (except for HIST 5924 Latin American History and Culture), or MVST

Language Requirement Completion

Students may fulfill the program's language requirement through one of the following:

(1) Successfully completing the program's Spanish language training, which is recorded by a passing grade in MAPS 0900 Spanish Language Proficiency, for which students register the summer prior to their study abroad experience.

(2) Demonstrating appropriate spoken, reading, and writing competence in a language relevant to the student's ministry (via successful completion of MAPS 0941 Language Proficiency), at the discretion of the Program Director.


Philosophical Core

Ancient Philosophy Courses

Courses in this group have the PSAP attribute.

Course Title Credits
PHIL 5001Introduction to Plato3
PHIL 5009Introduction to Aristotle3
PHIL 6025Philosophy's Origins3

Early Modern Philosophy Courses

Courses in this group have the PSEP attribute.

Course Title Credits
PHIL 5005Classical Modern Philosophy3
PHIL 7106Kant I3
PHIL 7110Descartes and Spinoza3

Contemporary Philosophy Courses

Courses in this group have the PSCP attribute.

Course Title Credits
PHIL 6251American Pragmatism3
PHIL 7140Kant and German Idealism3
PHIL 7149Hegel's Phenomenology3
PHIL 7159Kierkegaard3
PHIL 7161Nietzsche3

Ethics, Normative Ethics, and Natural Law Courses

Courses in this group have the PSEN attribute.

Course Title Credits
PHIL 5003Natural Law Ethics3
PHIL 5114Normative Ethical Theory3
PHIL 6630Discourse Ethics3

Contextual Analysis and Preparation for Ministry

Navigating the Contexts of Mission Courses

Courses in this group have the PSNM attribute.

Course Title Credits
HUST 5013Fundamentals of Humanitarian Action3
HUST 5015Information Management3
PCGR 6410Psychology and Religion/Spirituality3
PCGR 7450Trauma: Counseling and Ministry Issues3
PHIL 5030Topics in the Philosophy of Education: Education and Democracy3
PHIL 6850Hermeneutics3
PMGR 6510Theology of Ministry3
PMGR 8530Evangelization: Faith & Culture3
REGR 6150Foundations for Intercultural Ministry and Religious Education3
SPGR 7870Spiritual Direction: Theology and Practice3
SPGR 7902Ignatian Spirituality for Ministry3

Theological Core

Theologies of Gender and Sexuality Courses

Courses in this group have the PSTG attribute.

Course Title Credits
THEO 6400Theological Anthropology and Human Diversity3
THEO 6676Sexual Ethics3

Interdisciplinary Core

Justice and Human Rights Courses

Courses in this group have the PSJH attribute.

Course Title Credits
CEED 5050Ethics and Society: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives3
HIST 5400Gender and History4
HIST 5411Gender and Sexuality in Early America4
HIST 5420Sin, Crime and Sex in History4
HIST 5506European Nationalisms and Early Modern (Jewish) History4
HIST 5517Fascism4
HIST 5731History of Wealth & Poverty: U.S. and Comparative4
HIST 5921Social Mvts Global Pers4
HIST 5923Atlantic World: Empires, Diasporas, and Migrations4
HIST 6256Torture and Western Culture4
HIST 6726The United States and Human Rights: An International History4
HIST 6731US Immigration and Ethnicity4
HUST 5012Contemporary Issues in Humanitarian Action3
HUST 5013Fundamentals of Humanitarian Action3
HUST 5015Information Management3
HUST 5035Forced Migration: The Humanitarian Challenge of the Decade0-3
HUST 5075Leadership and Management in Humanitarian Assistance0-3
HUST 5082Integrity, Accountability and Transparency in Humanitarian Operations0-3
HUST 5205Children in Armed Conflict3
HUST 5300International Responses to Migration3
HUST 5410Gender Integration in Humanitarian Action3
PHIL 5040Topics in Latin American Philosophy: Philosophies of Liberation3
PHIL 7760Dimensions of Political Justice3
REGR 6120Education for Peace and Justice3
THEO 6485Doing Theology with Gustavo Gutiérrez: 50 years (1971–2021)3
THEO 6505Histories of Colonialism, Empire, Theology3
THEO 6642Political Theology3
THEO 6740Catholic Social Thought3

Race and Racism Courses

Courses in this group have the PSRR attribute.

Course Title Credits
HIST 5105The Black Radical Tradition in Comparative Perspective: U.S. and the Caribbean4
HIST 5410Race and Gender in Modern America4
HIST 5516Nationalisms and Racisms in Modern Europe4
PHIL 5250Philosophies of Race3
THEO 6634Black Theologies and the Decolonial Option3
THEO 6659Latinx Theology3
THEO 6721African American Theological Ethics3

Environmental Studies and Sciences Courses

Courses in this group have the PSEV attribute.

Course Title Credits
ECON 6460Agriculture and Development3
HIST 5563Readings in Environmental History4
THEO 6674Ecological Theology3
THEO 6731Christian Ecological Ethics3
THEO 6735Ecological Ethics3
THEO 7736Bioethics3
URST 5066Urban Health and Environment3
URST 5070Environmental History of the American City3

Electives

MAPS 8999 Independent Study may count as a Philosophical, Theological, or Interdisciplinary elective, with permission of the Program Director (depending on the content of the independent study).

Philosophical Electives

  • Any graduate course with the subject code PHIL, not otherwise counted towards the program's requirements, may count as a Philosophical Elective.

Theological Electives

  • Any graduate course with the subject code THEO, not otherwise counted towards the program's requirements, may count as a Theological Elective.
  • Moreover, Graduate School of Religion and Religious Education courses with the subject codes SPGRRLGRPCGRREGR, and PMGR may count as a Theological Elective.

Interdisciplinary Electives

  • Any graduate-level course with the subject codes ENGL, HIST, or MVST, not otherwise counted towards the program's requirements, may count as an Interdisciplinary Elective.
  • Moreover, the courses listed below may count as an Interdisciplinary Elective.

Courses in this group have the PSIC attribute.

Course Title Credits
CEED 5050Ethics and Society: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives3
CEED 5100Healthcare Ethics3
CEED 5600Special Topics in Ethics and Society3
CEED 5800Moral Foundations of Capitalism3
CEED 6290Health Disparities and Social Inequalities3
ECON 5105Topics in Economic History3
ECON 5260Epidemics and Development Policy3
ECON 5280Urban Economics3
ECON 5415Gender & Economic Development3
ECON 5450Crises, Adjustment and Poverty3
ECON 5600Health and Development3
ECON 5750Game Theory3
ECON 6440Development Economics3
ECON 6460Agriculture and Development3
ECON 6480Environmental and Resource Economics3
ECON 6490Foreign Aid and Development3
HUST 5012Contemporary Issues in Humanitarian Action3
HUST 5013Fundamentals of Humanitarian Action3
HUST 5015Information Management3
HUST 5035Forced Migration: The Humanitarian Challenge of the Decade0-3
HUST 5075Leadership and Management in Humanitarian Assistance0-3
HUST 5082Integrity, Accountability and Transparency in Humanitarian Operations0-3
HUST 5205Children in Armed Conflict3
HUST 5300International Responses to Migration3
HUST 5410Gender Integration in Humanitarian Action3
IPED 6000Latin America: Current Trends3
PMMA 5101Freedom of Expression3
PMMA 5102Press, Politics, and Public Policy3
PMMA 5103Environment and the Media3
PMMA 5104Theories of Media, Culture, and Society3
PMMA 5105Media Ethics3
PMMA 5106Race, Gender, and Digital Media3
PMMA 5140Themes in Urban Public Policy and Power3
PMMA 5201Social Media and Civic Engagement3
PMMA 5202Digital Media and Social Responsibility3
PMMA 5204Civic Media3
PMMA 5205Social Entrepreneurship3
PMMA 5207Mapping Injustice3
PMMA 6207International Communication3
PMMA 6209Storytelling for Public Good3
POSC 5140Themes in Urban Public Policy and Power3
POSC 5301Modern Political Thought3-4
POSC 5500Comparative Pol Analysis3
POSC 5600Analysis of Int'l Pol3
POSC 6530Political Economy of Development3
POSC 6552Political Economy of the Middle East3
POSC 6640Pol of Global Econ Rel3
PSYC 5200Fixing Psychology's Replication Crisis3
PSYC 6030Trauma and Family Violence3
PSYC 6066History and Systems3
PSYC 6290Health Disparities and Social Inequity3
PSYC 6310Culture, Ethnicity, and Race3
PSYC 6390Global Mental Health3
URST 5000Issues in Urban Studies3
URST 5020Urban Political Processes3
URST 5035City and Climate Change4
URST 5045Informal Cities3
URST 5066Urban Health and Environment3
URST 5070Environmental History of the American City3
URST 5090Lincoln Center Arts3
URST 5095Space, Place, Immigrant Cities3
URST 5140Themes in Urban Public Policy and Power3
URST 5252Urban Theory and the Modern City3