English

The Department of English at Fordham offers M.A. and Ph.D. degree programs. In addition to offering small, seminar-style courses led by our widely published and recognized faculty, we provide individualized, personal mentorship to all members of the graduate program. Ph.D. students take our distinctive, two-semester teaching practicum, which prepares them to become effective instructors. M.A. students complete capstone writing projects while working closely with faculty mentors in their chosen fields of interest. We also run numerous workshops on dissertation writing, publishing, and other topics related to professionalization, and we have a dedicated faculty member who serves as our job placement officer.

Ph.D. students receive a 6-year fellowship package. M.A. students may apply for competitive funding for the 2-year program. 

Completed applications include:

Statement of Intent

Your Statement of Intent should characterize your identity as a literary scholar and your aspirations as a graduate student of literature at Fordham. It should detail your intellectual preparation for such study in an undergraduate and/or Master’s degree program, and describe in specific terms your current research interests—the questions, texts, authors, genres, periods, and/or traditions in which you are most engaged. (Maximum 500 words).

Writing Sample

Your writing sample should be an original scholarly essay of 15-25 pages, preferably written for an upper-level literature course. This essay should reflect your scholarly interests and intellectual potential. It may be submitted either in a word processing program file or as a PDF file.

Recommendations

Three letters of recommendation submitted via the online application

Transcript

International transcripts should be translated.

CV or resume

Include your full legal name, permanent and local/current addresses and contact numbers, and any relevant professional and scholarly experience (max 5 pages).

GRE General Test

Institution Code 2259. The GRE Subject Test in Literature is NOT required for M.A. or Ph.D. applications. 

English Proficiency

TOEFL test results must be submitted by International Applicants: International applicants whose native language is not English are required to complete and submit to GSAS prior to matriculation their official scores from the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). GSAS will also consider a student’s International English Language Testing System (IELTS)—Cambridge English Proficiency Level language testing results.

Official TOEFL or IELTS scores should be sent directly by the testing service to the Office of Graduate Admissions, Fordham University, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences – Code # 2259.

​NOTE: Students who have completed a degree (undergraduate or graduate) at an English-language university are exempt from the TOEFL requirement. ​

Ph.D. Applicants

Ph.D. applicants are not required to hold an M.A., and all admitted Ph.D.'s are funded.

Ph.D. candidates must select an Area of Interest from:

  • Old English
  • Medieval
  • Early Modern/Renaissance
  • Eighteenth-Century British
  • Nineteenth-Century British
  • Twentieth and Twenty-First Century British
  • Early American
  • Nineteenth Century American
  • Twentieth and Twenty-First Century American

For more information about admissions to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, please visit this page on the Fordham website. 

ENGL 5001. PRO.SEM:RES.METHODS ENGL. (3 Credits)

An introduction to English studies at the graduate leve, emphasizing bibliography, scholary writing, and critical intervention. Although the emphasis of the course will vary according to the aims of the instructor, areas covered may also include book history, textual editing, historical research, and other issues of professional concern to graduate students. All incoming doctoral students must take this course during the fall semester of their first year.

ENGL 5002. CRITICAL THEORY. (3 to 4 Credits)

A representative but not inclusive sampling of key theoretical studies from roughly the past seventy-five years. After reading a series of now classic essays to lay a foundation, the course will consider closely the writings of a small number of influential thinkers, possibly including Walter Benjamin, Jacques Derrida, Judith Butler, and Slavoj Zizek, among others.

ENGL 5019. STAGING BLACKNESS: BLACK DRAMA AND THE AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERARY TRADITION. (3 Credits)

A literary, historical, and performance-oriented exploration of African American literature.

ENGL 5020. FEAR ON THE HOMEFRONT: THE LITERATURE OF PEACE AND WAR. (3 Credits)

The decision to wage war is one of the most consequential moral choices we make. The struggle to achieve and maintain peace is one of the most challenging and abstract human goals. For all the ways that war and peace are tied up with politics, we can come to a better understanding of our human experience of peace and war through art. This seminar explores literary and cinematic representations of peace and war from Classical times to the present day. We look at war stories and the special case of civil war, as well as the more recent phenomenon of fear on the homefront. We end with a unit on pacifism and peace work. In every unit, we will read nonfiction sources highlighting ethical and moral ideas about war (by Abraham Lincoln, Simone Weil, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Michael Walzer and others). Authors include Homer, Shakespeare, Virginia Woolf, Vera Brittain, and many others.

ENGL 5102. GLOBAL POSTMODERNISMS. (3 Credits)

A survey of literary development in postmodernity and global literary studies.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5103. FEMINISM & AMERICAN POETRY. (3 Credits)

This course will address mid- through late-twentieth century poetry by women in relation to second-wave feminism, feminist theories, and queer theories. The writing and publishing of women's poetry played an important role in second-wave feminism, often serving as the artistic arm of the movement, assuming identity politics as its governing principle. We will first examine women poets of the feminist and black arts movements who developed a series of radical new poetries to “embody” gender and racial identities. We will then discuss the ways that poets and theorists since that time have challenged the tenets of identity politics and, accordingly, pushed poetics into new terrains in search of diverse groundings for politics and aesthetics alike. Figures discussed may include Adrienne Rich, Sonia Sanchez, Audre Lorde, Gloria Anzaldúa, Sandra María Esteves, Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, Kathleen Fraser, Harryette Mullen, and others.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5104. NATURAL HISTORY AND ECOLOGY. (3 Credits)

This course will examine the genre of natural history, which flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, especially as Europeans engaged in ambitious projects of empire-building that brought them into contact with thousands of new plants and animals. Prior to the development of anthropology as a distinct discipline, natural histories also included within their purview the description of non-European peoples. We will think about how natural histories portrayed environments and the relationship between human and non-human actors. We will also read recent works from the fields of ecocriticism and ecology to think about the meaning and value of studying natural history today.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5109. AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

A survey of African American literature from the Jazz-age to the present.

Attributes: ENAE, ENAL.

ENGL 5110. QUEER RENAISSANCE. (3 Credits)

This seminar will explore the intersections between early modern studies and queer theory, focusing on three key issues: the charged relations between queer theory and other critical frameworks such as psychoanalysis, feminism, and poststructuraHsm; the ongoing role of historicism in shaping major debates and conversations in the field; and the place of aesthetics, genre, and form in early modern and contemporary treatments of eroticism. Writers to be discussed will likely include Spenser, Shakespeare, Sidney, Marlowe, Nashe, Crashaw, and Philips, alongside Foucault, Sedgwick, Butier, Lacan, Bataille, Edelman, and others .

ENGL 5115. GRADUATE INTERNSHIP SEMINAR. (3 Credits)

Seminar designed for graduate students engaged in a professionally relevant internship during the semester that the seminar is offered.

ENGL 5116. AFRICAN AMERICAN FICTION. (3 Credits)

A study of twentieth and twenty-first century African American novels.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5141. AFRICAN AMERICAN AUTOBIOGRAPHY. (3 Credits)

This course explores how Black writers use their lived experiences to shape political discourses and to interrogate the intersections of race, gender, class, sexuality, and disability. Considering slave narratives, memoirs, personal essays, and lyrics alongside conventional autobiographies, this class examines how and why Black writers have chosen to write their own stories as well as what is at stake in their autobiographical writings. Some writers may include William and Ellen Craft, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Weldon Johnson, James Baldwin, Maya Angelou, Claudia Rankine, Janet Mock, and Ta-Nehisi Coates.

Attributes: ENAE, ENAL.

ENGL 5151. MASTER CLASS: WRITING. (3 to 4 Credits)

ENGL 5177. MASTER CLASS:WRITERS AS SHAPERS:THE SHORT STORY. (3 to 4 Credits)

A short story can be constructed in an unlimited number of ways and each week we will explore the formal possibilities that are available to us. We will study the choices we have as writers--of narrative point of view, character development, beginnings, dialogue, description, structure, pacing, plot and resolution. We will isolate and inspect strategies that published authors have used. Students will produce and workshop their own fiction from exercises. In the conversation between student writing and the studied literature we will hopefully arrive at a greater sense of writers as shapers, sculptors of the raw material of the story.

Attribute: CVW.

ENGL 5180. ANTHOLOGIZING POETRY IN THE MIDDLE AGES. (3 Credits)

This course surveys important medieval poetry collections in several different languages in order to explore the shifting relationships between poetic expression, verse collection, and book production during the Middle Ages. How and why did medieval people collect poetry, and how should manuscript context guide our interpretation of individual works? Some tuition in Middle English will provided; translations will be available for literature in Old English, Latin, French, Welsh, and Occitan.

ENGL 5193. MASTER CLASS:STUFF OF FICTION. (3 Credits)

“’The proper stuff of fiction’ does not exist,” Virginia Woolf declared in an essay called “Modern Fiction”: “everything is the proper stuff of fiction, every feeling, every thought; every quality of brain and spirit is drawn upon; no perception comes amiss.” In this workshop we will explore the process of transforming imaginative musings and life experience into fiction, looking particularly at how memory and place can serve as points of departure. We'll examine how the details of everyday life can be transformed imaginatively into fiction through the use of character, setting, and dialogue. Along the way, we will stop to examine various aspects of craft such as theme, style, plot, and pacing in students' own writings as well as in selected readings.

Attribute: CVW.

ENGL 5208. THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1154-1776. (3 Credits)

This course will deal iwth the linguistics and sociolinguistics of Middle English and Early Modern English. The beginning date, 1154, is the year of the last entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the year Henry II, the first Angevin king, accended to the throne. It is as good a date as any to mark the demise of Old English and the beginning of the Middle English period. 1776, the year of the American Declaration of Independence, marks another turning point, when Early Modern English began to become the English(es) of the present day. This course, which will examine the ways in which the language developed from the twelfth through the eighteenth centuries. Topics will include dialects and standardizations, lexicon, grammar, and syntax, phonological change (The Great Vowel Shift), stress and prosody, paleography and codicology of Middle English manuscripts, and early printing, all with an aim to better understand and appreciating the literature of these periods.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 5210. INTRO OLD NORSE LANG & LIT. (3 or 4 Credits)

The course will begin with an introduction to Old Norse language, using E.V. Gordon's Introduction to Old Norse, and as students become comfortable with the language, we will read a selection of representative works from a variety of genres: historical prose, saga prose, and hagiography, as well as eddic poetry (wisdom, myth, legend) and the encomiastic poetry of the skalds. Readings will be partly in Old Norse, partly in translation. We will attempt to situate the texts in their medieval cultural context (analogues in English, French, German, and Latin literature), and we will spend some time on Old Norse palaeography and codicology so that students can better appreciate their material context. There is no prerequisite for the course and no prior knowledge is assumed, but students should be aware that the course will involve language study.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 5216. THREE MEDIEVAL EMBODIMENTS. (3 Credits)

In this course, we will explore three models of human embodiment (theological, medical, and musical) available to the high and late English Middle Ages; we will examine how writers, doctors, artists, and musicians gave expression to those models; we will locate and interrogate the places they overlap, interweave, and fall apart; and we will challenge ourselves to imagine how they constituted alternative modes of embodied experience in the world. To reach these goals, we will cast a wide net and study diverse primary sources drawn from philosophy, medicine, theology, drama, poetry, music, and visual art alongside secondary sources in historical phenomenology, cultural studies, and performance theory. Major authors/texts include: Bernardus Silvestris (Cosmographia), Chaucer, Second Shephard's Play, Aristotle (De animd), The Trotula, Boethius {Consolatiophilosophiae and De institutione musicd). All readings in English or Middle English.

Attribute: ENME.

ENGL 5225. JANE AUSTEN IN CONTEXT. (3 Credits)

In this course we will read all of Jane Austen’s major novels. There are three central goals. The first one is simply to enjoy Austen’s writing (as unsophisticated as that may sound). The second is to consider the historical contexts (political, social and economic) that helped shape her prose. And the third is to survey and analyze some of the recent trends in Austen scholarship, which will, ideally, aid you in developing your own critical skills.

Attributes: ENBE, ENBL.

ENGL 5226. LANGLAND'S PIERS PLOWMAN AND THE POETRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE IN THE LATE MEDIEVAL ENGLAND. (3 Credits)

William Langland's dream-vision poem, Piers Plowman, composed, like Chaucer's works, in late fourteenth-century London, treats many of the things Chaucer skirts or omits. Langland's accounts of social unrest, some forms of religious argument and conflict, policy and practices regarding poverty, and his critique of social structures and experimentation with alternatives gives us a different Middle Ages from Chaucer's more court-centered writing. This course will put reading Piers Plowman, arguably the greatest single medieval English poem, at its center, while paying due attention to its context in other texts and in the poem's surrounding world.

ENGL 5230. RICHARD ROLLE AND HIS INFLUENCE. (3 Credits)

A study of the early fourteenth century writer Richard Rolle and his influences.

Attribute: MVSG.

ENGL 5261. MALORY: CULTURES OF THE C15. (3 Credits)

Malory's vast Morte Darthur and the wide multilingual reading that went into it is both object of study and the gateway into the troubled fifteenth century in this course.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 5264. CHAUCER. (3 to 4 Credits)

This course is an introduction to Chaucer's poetry as well as to trends in medieval literary criticism. Our goal is not coverage by any means, but to touch on some of the concerns that have animated Chaucer studies: Chaucer's representation of the social world, religion, gender, and the self. Any analysis of Chaucer's writing implicitly or explicitly raises a question about the most responsible approach to texts that are now over 600 years old. Indeed, this question has remained constant since the beginning of Chaucer studies. We will, therefore, be very interested in what it has meant and what it means now to read Chaucer historically. We will begin with a discussion of what constitutes historical criticism, both for Chaucer studies and for literary criticism more broadly, then we will turn to the subtleties of the texts themselves, which stand, of course, at the center of our investigation. No prior knowledge of Middle English or medieval history is assumed, but I recommend that those of you who are unfamiliar with this time period take a look at Maurice Keen's English Society in the Later Middle Ages or May McKisack's The Fourteenth Century before the class begins.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 5300. OCCITANIA: LANGUAGE AND POWER. (3 Credits)

This course introduces students to the cultural world of a medieval “south”: Occitania. Texts in Old Occitan include documentary writing, historical narrative, and the poetry of the troubadours. Topics include urban/rural communities, gender and power, the Albigensian crusade and its aftermath and the beginning of vernacular book production.

Attribute: ENME.

ENGL 5311. MODERN IRISH LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

This course aims to strike a balance between two goals. On the one hand, we will attempt to deepen our understanding and catch up with recent critical developments relating to the most canonical figures in the Irish literary tradition, such as Wilde, Joyce, Beckett, and Yeats. On the other hand, we will seek to expand our understanding of the Irish canon and its range by looking beyond the texts that have been most studied in English departments to include works by women (Elizabeth Bowen, Maud Gonne, Edna O’Brien, Eavan Boland), those who compose in the Irish language (Eibhlin Dhubh Ni Chonaill, Máirtín Ó Cadhain), writers from the North (Seamus Heaney, Medbh McGuckian), and contemporary writers (Eimear McBride, Ursula Rani Sarma). Fulfills a British 3 Requirement.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5331. EARLY MODERN SKEPTICISMS. (3 Credits)

Graduate course on the discourses of skepticism during the early modern period.

ENGL 5345. Theatrical Ent in Early Modern England. (3 or 4 Credits)

This course will offer a survey of English theatrical enterprise form the 1590's to the 1640's. The playing companies will serve as an organizing principle for study of dramatists including Shakespeare, Jonson and Marlowe.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5536. 18TH-CENTURY NOVEL I. (3 to 4 Credits)

ENGL 5616. ROMANTICISM AND PRIVATE LIFE. (3 Credits)

This course considers the literary responss of a range of Romantic-era writers to two significant pressures on privacy in early nineteenth-century Britain. First, renewed agitation for parliamentary reform in the post-war era prompted intensified governmental repression of political dissent, including what John Barrell has described as the "politicization of private space." Second, the early nineteenth century witnessed the definitve emergence of "modern celbrity culture," as Tom Mole and others have recently defined it. Our writers include Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin, John Thelwall, Mary Robinson, William Wordsworth, Dorothy Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, Felicia Hemans, John Keats and John Clare.

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 5622. EIGHTEENTH CENTURY TRAVEL. (3 Credits)

This course is concerned with European travel and the use of travel tropes in seventeenth and eighteenth-century literature and other discourses, and in particular the ways the experience of travel from a period sometimes referred to as an "Age of Discovery," informs the travel metaphors---the "discoveries"-- of the period sometimes referred to as the "Age of Reason." A central question of the course will be, How is the cultural relativism born of the recounting of the experience of travel reflected in the language and the literary works of the Eighteenth Century?.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5634. MODERNISTS/VICTORIANS. (3 to 4 Credits)

This course examines landmarks of Victorian literature and transatlantic English modernism, exploring breaks and continuities between Vicotrian and Modernist writers. Covering major texts from the 1840s to the 1940s, the course will also consider theorectical arguements about the status of the "classic" in literary history, and specifically as these define the fields of Victorian studies, modernism, modernity, and the classifications of "English" and "American" literature.

Attributes: COLI, ENAL, ENBL.

ENGL 5700. PLAYWRITING WORKSHOP. (3 Credits)

ENGL 5707. HIGH MODERNISM: 1922. (3 Credits)

An exploration of five major works published in modernism's anus mirabilis and the literary climate that fostered these seminal texts. The defining novel and poem of the twentieth century--Joyce's Ulysses and Eliot's The Waste Land, respectively--both appeared in 1922, along with Woolf's first important novel, Jacob's Room, Lawrence's story collection, England, My England, and Yeat's anthology volume Later Poerns, including such works as "A Prayer for My Daughter" and "The Second Coming."

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 5717. TRANSATLANTIC WOMEN MODERNISTS. (3 to 4 Credits)

This class looks at gender and modernism on both sides of the Atlantic. We will read a generous selection of women modernists, canonical and noncanonical, representing high modernism and "bad modernism" (to use Mao and Walkowitz's term), fiction, film, and poetry from the first half of the 20th century. Our transatlantic focus offers a special opportunity to examine multicultural and cosmopolitan modernisms: many women writers in this period were travelers and immigrants. We will also analyze the complex and often fraught relationships among feminist criticism, feminist theory, and theories of modernism both in the early 20th century and today. Authors include: Gertrude Stein, Zora Neale Hurston, Elizabeth Bishop, Katherine Mansfield, Jean Rhys, and Virginia Woolf.

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 5718. MODERN LANGUAGE POLITICS. (3 Credits)

Early twentieth century literature and theory was preoccupied with the relationship between language and politics, from the acknowledgment of minority and non-standard linguistic forms, to questions over the relationship between violence and language (whether or not, to paraphrase Adorno, one can write poetry after Auschwitz), to the idea of literary form itself enacting a kind of political resistance. In this course, we will analyze some of the competing philosophies about language circulating during this period and interrogate how modernist writers responded and contributed to these discussions.

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 5742. MILTON'S MAJOR WORKS. (3 to 4 Credits)

ENGL 5747. LATE MODERNISM. (3 Credits)

Focusing on works produced between the 1930s-60s, this seminar will explore how writing in various genres during the latter part of the modernist period responded to ideas and formal techniques that emerged in the first decades of the twentieth century. Interrogating works that often do not neatly fit into received notions of high modernismn will enable us to interrogate critical questions of reinvention, disillusionment, lateness and periodicity.

Attributes: ENAL, ENBL.

ENGL 5749. TWENTIETH-CENTURY STUDIES: DECOLONIZATION AND WORLD LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

Introductory graduate course in the study of selected twentieth-century figures from comparative cultural, literary, and theoretical perspectives. The course will examine the changing contours of literary theory, literary studies, and the status of literature itself in the twentieth century, in light of contending imperatives of decolonization and globalization. The course will focus on three pairings of writers: Joseph Conrad and W. E. B. Du Bois; Jean Rhys and C. L. R. James; Pramoedya Ananta Toer and Amiltav Ghosh. Select works from these writers will be studied in conjunction with critical selections from Fanon, Glissant, Pheng Cheah, and others.

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 5758. 20th Century American Autobiography. (3 Credits)

This course will focus on self-representations in print (essays, memoirs, autobiography), multimedia (graphic memoir, documentary, photography) and everyday life (Facebook, selfies, etc.)

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5763. JOYCE. (3 to 4 Credits)

ENGL 5777. Master Class: Literary Magazine Workshop. (3 or 4 Credits)

The aim of this class is to give students the experience and skills necessary to create a literary magazine in alignment with the most recent and rapid changes in literaray consumption. Students iwll curate, edit and write for CURA, the print an donline literary magazine of the Creative Writing program. Instruction will also focus on marketing, publicity and event production protocols and practices crucial for successful literary publishing. Working collaboratively, students will endeavor to expand the boundaries of the literary magazine by examining the best powers of print and online venues in order to achieve the maximum impact of both.

ENGL 5778. FLAWLESS/FREEDOM/FORMATIONS: WRITING ON RACE,GENDER AND POPULAR CULTURE. (3 Credits)

This is a class about creative non-fiction writing as cultural reportage. In this class we will read a survey of cultural reportage—primarily reviews, profiles, editorials, opinion pieces—for textual, cultural, and aesthetic analysis to think about the ways that race—and intersectionally, gender and sexuality—operates thematically and politically in that writing. Our study of this writing will impact the main focus of this class: It is a writing workshop, in which each student will present her or his work for critique. Writing assignments will be expected of each student and possibly lead to the production of a class-produced blog or magazine at the end of the semester.

ENGL 5788. MEMORY, TRAUMA, NARRATIVE. (3 Credits)

Drawing on memory studies, psychoanalysis, and narratology, this interdisciplinary course explores issues of narrative representation in literature and film. Recognizing that memory is the result of the interplay between past and present in the lives of individuals and of groups, the course examines the impact of trauma on narrative expression.

ENGL 5791. POETRY OF WITNESS: MASTERCLASS. (3 Credits)

Poets have always sought to address social, personal, and political challenges--upheaval, trauma, and change. But how exactly do we practice writing poetry as witnesses of our own time and of our own lives in context? In this course, we will read and write poetry that seeks to bear witness in a wide range of forms and to an array of social/personal contexts.

Attribute: CVW.

ENGL 5801. ANATOMY OF A BESTSELLER. (3 Credits)

This class will deconstruct bestsellers in different genres, looking at the process from proposal, editing, finished manuscript and on to covers, marketing and promotion. Students will also develop their bestseller project over the semester.

ENGL 5832. SLAVERY IN AMERICAN FICTION. (3 Credits)

ENGL 5838. AFRICAN AMERICAN PRINT CULTURE. (3 Credits)

How does the study of African American literature change when seen from the perspective of print culture? And how does the study of print culture change when focused on African American archives? In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, African Americans participated in a rapidly emergent print culture as authors, editors, printers, readers, teachers, and librarians, among other roles. At the same time, African Americans frequently furnished the subject matter for this print culture, in ways they did not always control. This seminar will explore African Americans' diverse contributions to early American print culture, both on the page and off. It will draw on a range of primary materials related to African Americans, and seminar participants will combine these investigations with readings of recent work bridging critical race studies and material culture. Together we will ask how the methodologies of print culture might help us reconsider familiar notions of authorship and identity, and how African American materials might transfigure conceptual standbys of print culture studies such as circulation and publics.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5839. LITERARY DARWINSM. (3 Credits)

This course will explore the diverse impact of Darwin’s big idea on American literature and culture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection had a seismic impact on the natural science of his day, a practice then closely intertwined with religion. The vibrations spread through the social sciences – resulting in what we now call social Darwinism – and literature registered the tremors. Through the readings of Theodore Dreiser, Frank Norris, Jack London, Edith Wharton, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and their contemporaries, we will consider the myriad effects of Darwinism on the American worldview.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5841. EARLY AMERICAN MEDIA. (3 Credits)

An introduction to early American literature by way of the transatlantic dynamics of printing, reading, and circulating media before the rise of industrial publishing in the late nineteenth century.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5844. AMERICAN BESTSELLER 1870-1940. (3 to 4 Credits)

Since novels both register and shape public attitudes towards the world, a study of best selling novels suggests insight into how changes in literary tastes relate to broader social changes (e.g., political events, technological developments, changing demographics, and education policies). What affected changes in public taste after the Civil war, and how may we see those changes represented in books people most avidly read? Bestsellers presumably share important characteristics that can explain their broad appeal to reading public- and the goal of this course is to try to understand those characteristics and that appeal. Authors may include Edward Bellamy, Pearl Buck, Thomas Dixon, Edna Ferber, Ellen Glasgow, Zane Grey, Edith Wharton, Owen Wister, and Richard Wright.

Attributes: ENAE, ENAL.

ENGL 5845. EARLY AMERICAN NOVEL. (3 to 4 Credits)

This course will sketch the tradition of the American novel from its beginnings through the Civil War. Authors will range from traditional canonical standards such as Hawthorne and Melville to more recent additions to the tradition like Lydia Maria Child and William Wells Brown.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5849. PRE-1900 AMERICAN LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

An introduction to recent Americanist literary scholarship, comparing and contrasting methodologies that have been brought to bear on three or four important works of U.S. literature published before 1900.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 5861. GENDER IN AMERICAN LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

An interdisciplinary study of the social and cultural forces that shape gender difference and sexuality in American literature from 1830 to 1930.

ENGL 5919. 20th Century American Novel: A Violent Survey. (3 Credits)

Combining the sweep of a literature survey class and the thematic core of a seminar, this course will move through the twentieth century novel in the United States examining different modes of violence. We will include war novels in the United States examining different modes of violence. We will include war novels along with novels of manners. Beginning with James and Wharton and their dissection of social violence, we will move through the realists (London; Dreiser), the Depression and labor struggles (Steinbeck), WW2 (Mailer; Vidal) and the postwar period (Salinger; Bowles) as it leads intot the postmodern novel. Possible authors also include: Ellison, Vonnegut, Pynchon.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5920. JAMES HARDY CONRAD. (3 Credits)

ENGL 5930. Neuro-Literature in Historical Perspective. (3 Credits)

Our current literary interest in neurology has a history. This course will look at the relatively recent history of the move from philosophical approaches associated with Cognitive Theory to biological brain research (fMRI scans of brains reading Jane Austen). And it will look at a longer history in which early-modern brain research influenced literary representations of the self. In each of these historical moments, 17th and 18th-century writers have played curious and important roles, and so authors including Milton, Marvell, Swift, Finch, Addison, Pope, Sterne, Austen, and the Scriblerians, will be considered.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5940. NOVEL, SHE WROTE. (3 Credits)

Novel, She Wrote: Black Female Writers and Their First Novels - "If there's a book that you want to read, but it hasn't been written yet, then," Toni Morrison declares, "you must write it." The impulse for black female authors to write novels and the diverse manifestations of that impulse will be of primary concern in this course. What compelled black female authors in the second half of the twentieth century and early twenty-first century to write their first novels? How are themes of sexuality, motherhood, beauty, respectability, and intra- and interracial conflict represented in their texts? In what ways do their novels complement, build upon, and refer back to each other and other works? These are a few of the questions we will tackle as we read through the literature. Texts will include Gwendolyn Brooks's Maud Martha (1953); Paule Marshall's Brown Girl, Brownstones (1959); Alice Walker's The Third Life of Grange Copeland (1970);Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye (1970); Gloria Naylor's The Women of Brewster Place (1982); Edwidge; Danticat's Breath, Eyes, Memory (1994); A.J. Verdelle's The Good Negress (1995); Danzy Senna's Caucasia (1998); and Ayana Mathis's The Twelve Tribes ofHattie (201.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 5960. MEMOIR & PERSONAL ESSAY. (3 to 4 Credits)

This class will function as a writing workshop where we will spend at least half of class time critiquing your works in progress. Since the techniques of memoir are indistinguishable from the techniques of fiction, we will concentrate on dialogue, exposition, scene, character, managing narrative time (past, present, future) and, most of all, the development of a persona. The course will include trends in autobiographical theory as well as analysis of major texts by writers such as Didion, Hampl, Orwell and Sedaris.

ENGL 5965. Master Class: Writing for the Big Screen. (3 or 4 Credits)

This course offers an introduction to the fundamentals of screenwriting: scenes, acts, narrative structure, character development, genres, and dialogue, through intensive study of major, award-winning Hollywood films, classics in their genre. Students will read and analyze five outstanding screenplays, and watch films made from them. The final requirement for this course is a completed first act (20-30) of a feature film, as well as weekly assignments.

ENGL 5985. Introduction to Early Modern Studies. (3 Credits)

An introduction to the major debates, conversations, and approaches in early modern studies, with a focus on what it means to define and contribute to a field, how canons are formed, and what constitutes evidence for a literary-critical argument. Students will be exposed to , and gain practice in , a variety of methodological strategies and techniques: close reading and rhetorical analysis, archival research, theoretical and interdisciplinary work, and textual editing, among others.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5989. Major Early Modern Texts and the Dynamics of Space and Place. (3 Credits)

Major Early Modern Texts and the Dynamic of Space and Place. Who "owns" the forest in As You Like It or the island in The Tempest-- and how and why does ownership take different forms in such terrains? In what ways do space and place within a poem differ if it is read in print, or circulated in manuscript or sung? How do stanzas and similar poetic practices inflect concepts of space and place? How is that process accomplished by culturally specific paradigms and practices--the gendering of certain spaces, the development of nationalism, the reading of NeoPlatonic texts, and so on.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 5992. ART OF LITERARY NONFICTION. (3 or 4 Credits)

You will be introduced to the techniques of non-fiction writing by closely reading a wide variety of authors and by putting the lessons gained therein to practice in your own non-fiction pieces. The course will focus upon the basic techniques of non-fiction writing - which, in a phrase, amounts to telling a story about the verifiable world. This course will introduce you to a number of different non-fiction genres, including the profile, the personal essay, the informative or "reported" piece, the social commentary, and the review. There will be lectures on the genre, short exercises, and in-class writing, but the main emphasis will be on work-shopping student writing. We will broaden the notion of "research" to include interviews and non-traditional fact-gathering methods as well as the standard approaches. We will discuss and practice the notion of shaping and restructuring linear "reality" in order to sustain reader interest while maintaining allegiance to fact. There will be three medium-length writing assignments of approximately 5-7 thousand words each plus short assignments.

ENGL 5999. COLLOQUIUM: PEDAGOGY THEORY/PRACTICE 1. (0 Credits)

ENGL 5999 is the first part of the Teaching Practicum, which is to be taken in the spring of English PhD Student's 2nd Year. This part of the course is taken in the Spring (before teaching), and includes individual interviews, assignment of written work and practice teaching. Each student will have a mentor, complete a portfolio of materials, and create multiple assignments. This part of the course is graded as pass or fail. Once students pass the first part of the course in the Spring semester, they will be approved to take the second part of the course in the Fall semester--when English PhD students begin to teach. This part the "Colloquium" intrduces stduents to different pedagogical approaches and methods.

ENGL 6004. COLLOQUIUM:PEDAGOGY THEO/PRA. (3 Credits)

ENGL 6101. REREADING CLOSE READING:HIST PERSPECTIVES,CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES/SHAKESPEARE'S POETRY,SPENSER,DONNE. (3 to 4 Credits)

We will evaluate both the history of close reading and the renewed interest—and renewed antagonism—revisionist versions of it are sparking today. What was, is, and will be “close reading” in literary studies? In engaging with the early history of this methodology (I.A. Richards, the New Critics, British analogues etc), we will consider how the climate in the academy and the country at large encouraged these approaches and how they interacted with and reacted against alternative methodologies. We will then explorer and evaluate the many attempts to develop a type of close reading appropriate to our own critical moment—and the reactions against them by critics like Moretti; we will, for example, discuss the relationship of those attempts to the digital humanities and the implications or close reading for debates about the workings of lyric. The authors on whom we will focus are Shakespeare (mainly the nondramatic poems, though we will also discuss at least one play), Donne, and Spenser. Students will, however, have the option of writing their final paper on another poet from the early modern period – or from a different period.

Attributes: CEED, CENS, ENBE.

ENGL 6103. NEWS AND PLAYS: 1660-1779. (3 Credits)

An examination of the relation between theatre and news media in the long eighteenth century.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 6104. CRIP,QUEER, AND CRITICAL RACE THEORY. (3 Credits)

This seminar will examine cutting-edge work in critical race, crip and queer theories and their intersections in order to prepare you to both intervene in these discourses and effectively engage with them in your analysis of literary texts. We will consider critical embodiment in works drawn from a range of historical periods and genres. Likely writers to be considered include José Esteban Muñoz, Eli Clare, Indra Sinha, Mel Chen, Ellen and William Craft, Robert McRuer, Roderick Ferguson, Jasbir Puar, and Alison Kafer. Fulfills: American 2 and Theory requirements.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 6106. MEDIEVAL COMMUNITIES AND MODERN THOUGHT. (3 Credits)

This interdisciplinary course will consider the roles played by modern images and ideas of the medieval past in the formulation of modern ideas of community, nation, subjectivity, and habitus. Course readings will include modern theoretical texts, modern popular texts, and medieval source material (mostly in translation).

Attribute: ENME.

ENGL 6201. RACE AND AFFECT THEORY. (3 Credits)

This seminar will stage a dialog between the field of race and ethnic studies on the one hand and that of affect theory on the other.

Attributes: ENAE, ENAL, ENBL.

ENGL 6215. Medieval British Historical Writing. (3 Credits)

History-writing was fundamental to medieval and early-modern literary sensibilities, but in its relation to truth, genre, and identity, medieval history differs dramatically from contemporary understandings of the discipline of history. This course will introduce you to the major historiographical thinkers and practitioners of the English Middle Ages and include selections from Gildas, Bede, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Dudo of Saint-Quentin, Geoffrey of Monmouth, Matthew Paris, and the Middle English Brut.

Attribute: ENME.

ENGL 6216. Late Medieval Autobiography: T. Hoccleve, O. Bokenham, M. Kempe. (3 Credits)

Margery Kempe's Book is often called the first female autobiography in English, but the writing of her fifteenth-century contemporaries Thomas Hoccleve, and London scribe and bureaucrat, and Osbern Bokenham, and East Anglian friar, also offes a personal voice. We will explore the social and theological context of each author as we read their work in Middle English.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 6224. FRENCH OF ENGLAND: TEXTS AND LITERACIES IN A MULTILINGUAL CULTURE. (3 Credits)

French of England helps prepare graduates in medieval disciplines deploy the newly important multilingual paradigms for the study of medieval English and related cultures. It looks at the rich and still under-researched francophone corpus (c. 1000 literary texts and large bodies of documentary records) composed and/or circulating in medieval England and related regions from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries. French was a major regional and transitional language in England, used in literature, governance, administration, culture, trade, and the professions. Taking francophone literary and documentary culture into account changes are paradigms for English medieval literary history and prompts new thought about the relations between literature, literacy, and language. Aiming to move as rapidly as possible from the pains of language-learning to the pleasure of reading text, the course combines a weekly linguistic practicum with a literary seminar and runs from 4pm to 7pm on Tuesdays. Previous experience of Old French is not required; basic reading or speaking of modern French is useful; experience with other languages is also sometimes enough of a help. This course will also explore early French uses of late old English. If in doubt about whether your language experiences will be helpful, please email woganbrowne@fordham.edu.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 6231. LATE MEDIEVAL WOMEN. (3 Credits)

The course will study women as produces and consumers of literature, that is as writers and readers. Instead of examining women as subjects of literary representation, we will use non-literary disciplines--social history, bibliography, iconography--to recover elements of women's lives in order to understand their involvement with reading. Like much current medieval scholarship, the class will employ cultural perspectives in which literature, history, and visual materials illuminate each other.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 6234. RACE, RELIGION, AND MONSTROSITY IN MEDIEVAL LITERATURE. (3 Credits)

The medieval taste for the exotic has introduced many audiences to a range of monstous beings, from ferocious giants and dog-headed men to the peace-loving sciapod. Medieval studies of monstrosity have often been linked soley to the theorize the different human "races" found there. Yet the medieval language of monstrosity was not always limited to travel narrative, nor to the pejorative, for it was used to describe heros, saints, even the Chistian deity in far mor familiar contexts than many would imagine. In this course we will examine the discourse of monstrosity as a complex critical lens through which premodern writers asked important questions of race, religion, civic virtue, human morality. We will read from Pliny, Augustine, the Beowulf Manuscript, medieval romance, and Mandeville's account.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 6235. MEDIEVAL TRAVEL NARRATIVE. (3 Credits)

In a project which brought together the greatest minds and resources of the western world, the crusading movements inspired subsequent generations of English and western European poets and chroniclers to create some of the most beautiful and, at times, most brutal romances and histories ever written. This course will focus on a range of traditions, including the romance, Richard, and Coeur de Lion in light of contemporary chronicler Roger of Howden's Chronica. Even Josephus' Jewish War is barely recognizable in the fourteenth-century Siege of Jerusalem. Pilgrim and merchant narratives, from Egeria to Margery Kempe, and Mandeville to Marco Polo, will provide a contrast to romance and chronicle modes. We will be especially concerned with the ways in which chivalric questt came to influence the romance and chronicle genres. This course is designed to contextualize travel within the medieval world as we read and discuss those travel narratives with a specific set of concerns: salvation, conquest, and conversation.

Attributes: ENME, MVSG.

ENGL 6236. ROMANTICISM AND PEACE. (3 Credits)

"Peace is not an absence of war," wrote Spinoza, "it is a virtue, a state of mind, a disposition for benevolence, confidence, justice." Proceeding from Spinoza's notion that peace is an active principle rather than a void between times of military conflict, and drawing upon the interdisciplinary field of Peace Studies, in this course we will study literary and philosophical engagements with peace in a period often thought synonymous with continual war. To view the Romantic era soley through the lens of war runs the risk of overlooking the reaching after peace that also marks the period (reflected in the vast array of treaties produced at this time, from the Peace of Paris (1783) to the London Straits Convention (1841). Attempts to theorize, to imagine, and to bring about peace were crucial forces in Romantic-era culture. Many familiar works, such as Wordsworth's Prelude, Joanna Baillie's plays, Jane Austen's novels, Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poetic reflections on domestic tranquility, Thomas DeQuincey's escape into opium, Olaudah Equiano's modeling of the skills of a virtuosic negotiator, and Keat's famous odes are illuminated afresh when read in the context of a culture preoccupied not only with conflict but with conflict resolution.

Attribute: ENBL.

ENGL 6237. THE FRENCH OF ENGLAND II. (3 Credits)

Studies the rich, under-researched corpus (c. 1000 texts) in the Frenches of medieval England; includes projects of translation/editing (for acquiring techniques of presenting and interpreting medieval texts). FOE I not necessarily required.

Attribute: ENME.

ENGL 6250. POSTCOLONIAL MIDDLE AGES. (3 Credits)

The course, The Postcolonial Middle Ages, addresses the multiplicity of ways in which postcolonial theory can be used to illuminate premodern texts. Texts to be read in Middle English include the Croxton Play of the Sacrament, Geoffrey Chaucer's Man of Law's Tale and Prioress's Tale, among others, along with medieval texts in translation, such as The Letter of Prester John, and the Beauvais Play of Daniel. These works offer complex views of alterity, conquest, place, space, and performance which are foundational in discussing how the Middle Ages can be viewed as postcolonial.

Attributes: ENBE, ENME.

ENGL 6356. SHAKESPEARE'S HISTORY PLAYS. (3 Credits)

Shakespeare's first great hit was a series of history plays about the kings who ruled, and the wars they waged, a century and more before his birth. The eight plays produced (Harry Potter-style) over the course of eight years, gave London audiences then-and will give us now-a chance to watch Shakespeare becoming Shakespeare: to see him learn how to pack plays with a pleasure, impact, and amazement, a scene by scene and line by line, with a density and intensity no playwright before or since has ever managed to match.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 6506. THE JOSEPH JOHNSON CIRCLE. (3 Credits)

ENGL 6552. FILM/THEORY/LITERATURE: HORROR AND MADNESS. (3 Credits)

Confronting the expansive theoretical, literary, and cinematic representations of fear, horror, terror, abjection and madness, we will delve into works of David Cronenberg, George Romero, Stanley Kubrick, Steven Spielberg, Cynthia Freeland, Julia Kristeva, Toni Morrison (among others). Warning: Several films are not for the squeamish. Please be aware that we will need a few hours each week (outside of official class time) for watching the films.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 6641. READING AND TEACHING THE NINETEENTH - CENTURY NOVEL. (3 Credits)

In this course we will consider the nineteenth-century novel from the interfused perspectives of readers and teachers. Our remit will be the British novel across a relatively broad span of decades: Maria Edgeworth’sCastle Rackrent (1800), Walter Scott’s Rob Roy (1817), Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818); Jane Austen’s Emma (1815), Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights (1847), and George Eliot’s Middlemarch (1871/2). After reading and discussing each novel we will then turn to consider the various ways that it might be taught in the college classroom. And for each novel, both our readings and our conversations about pedagogical approaches will be informed by critical articles on the works themselves and on broader issues in nineteenth-century studies. This seminar is open to all graduate students, but because the structure of the course will require an unusual amount of active student participation, please keep in mind that silent spectatorship will not be possible.

ENGL 6751. The New Formalism and Early Modern Literature. (3 Credits)

In the past decade formalism, the F-word of the professsion for over twenty years, has attracted many critics in its revisionist version often termed "the new formalism." What are the potentialities--and problems-- of this approach? How should we resolve debates about the working of the new formalism, such as whether it is necessarily historical? How does it interact and/or conflict with other methodologies, such as gender studies and materialism? We will approach these questions by reading a wide range of early modern texts in the principal genres, the list being planned to avoid major overlap with other early modern courses at Fordham in the past year or two. Thus the course aims to serve the needs of a range of students: those interested in a broad overview of early modern texts, and of those wanted to engage with formalist approaches and/or connect those approaches with other types of criticism. Like all my graduate courses, it will also include attention to professionalizing, such as discussions of giving papers effectively and of teaching.

Attribute: ENBE.

ENGL 6767. Marriage and Nation in 19 Century British Literature. (3 Credits)

This course will explore literary and cultural conceptualizations of British marriage in the nineteenth century—the period traditionally seen as an age of nationalism and one in which Parliament passed or attempted to pass an unprecedented number of reforms of the marriage law. We will examine how marriage plots written after the Union with Ireland Act (1800) envision the mutually constitutive relationship between British identity and British marriage, as well as how they address crises of national self-definition and uphold—or question—the sense of national uniqueness and superiority that the institution of marriage was meant to reinforce.

ENGL 6769. FINNEGANS WAKE. (3 Credits)

As the ballad of Tim Finnegan says, there'll be "lots of fun at Finnegan's Wake." We will read Joyce's text and engage its historical reception and theoretical treatments. You'll "wipe your glosses with what you know."

ENGL 6779. BRECHT: AESTHETICS AND POLITIC. (3 Credits)

Bertolt Brecht was arguably the most important theater theorist of the twenthieth century, and his theory of the function of art under capitalism transformed thinking about the relationship between culture and politics and continues to resonate today. This course will examine Brecht's theater and theory in several contexts: first, in the context of modernist theater theory and practice, and third, via the legacy of his theories in late twenthieth- and twenty-first-century art and philosophy. Philosophical readings will include Marx, Adorno, and Horkheimer, Benjamin, Lukacs, Arendt, Barthes, Jameson, and Ranciere; theatrical readings will include, in addition to a substantial number of Brecht's own plays, considerations of German Expressionism; non-European, especially Chinese, theater, modernist cabaret, and postwar avant-garde and postdramatic theater. Discussions will address, among other things, the relationship between theater and politics, the role of mass culture, methodological issues in materialist criticism, theories of spectatorship, and the fate of political art after modernism.

ENGL 6800. God and Mammon in British America. (3 Credits)

Did the English explore, conquer, and setde North America in the name of true religion or the earthly pursuit of gain? How was the one aim shaped by the other, and how have these mutual concerns shaped colonial American writing? Taking Max Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism as a conceptual point of departure, this course will explore the cultural history of spiritual and material wealth in colonial New England, the South, the Mid-Adantic, and the West Indies. We will examine both the central texts of dissenting Protestantism from the perspective of the colonial economics and social class and the central texts of colonial economics and economic self-making from the perspective of theology, morality, and the transformation of religious culture in British America over the course of nearly two centuries.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 6888. READING THE INDIAN OCEAN WORLD. (3 Credits)

A new configuration of study has emerged in the last decade or so known as Indian Ocean Studies. It employs a robust interdisciplinarity to study the cultural flows and encounters over time of the peoples and traffic of the Indian Ocean and the formations of its vast littoral. This includes exchanges in trade, commerce, and war between the East African littoral and Arabia, the Persian Gulf, India, and the South East Asian archipelago including China. The migration of populations, the slave trades and slavery, establishment of overseas or expatriate settlements, the emergence of lingua franca, (such as Kiswahili), maritime life, and the spread of technology and creation of empires and colonies are studied in their interrelation. This course will focus on the archives, the literature, writing (including histories) and expressive practices (including film, music and performance) that this confluence of peoples has created in over more than two (actually seven) millennia. Starting with the earliest extant documents from Antiquity, to the contemporary scholarly and creative work of writers such as Pramoedya Ananta Toer, Barlan Pyamootoo, Monique Agénor, Kuo Pao Kun, Isabel Hofmyer, Amitav Ghosh, Abdulrazak Gurnah, Nuruddin Farah and Yvette Christianse, we will spend the semester “reading” the Indian Ocean world.

ENGL 6905. CONCEPTS OF CULTURE. (3 Credits)

What do we talk about when we talk about "culture"? This class will explore this keyword in and around literary studies along two parallel tracks. First, we will explore the historical development of different concepts of culture over the last two centuries or so. Second, we will explore a range of theoretical perspectives from the past three decades that fit loosely under the rubric of Cultural Studies. Both tracks will necessitate broadly interdisciplinary approaches to the topic. We will explore, for instance, a relatively literary manifestation of the concept in Matthew Arnold's Culture and Anarchy, but also how the concept of culture figures in the early history of the human sciences, including anthropology, sociology, and psychology. Similarly, since work in the contemporary field of Cultural Studies only rarely limits its objects of study to the literary; we will sample theoretical developments in the study of popular music, film and television, etc.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 6914. Home, Exile and Diaspora in Asian American Literature. (3 Credits)

This course will introduce students to major works of contemporary Asian American Literature. Possible authors include John Okada, Carlos Bulosan, Maxine Hong Kingston, Theresa Hak Kyung Cha, Chang-rae Lee, Li-Young Lee, Gish Jen, Jessica Hagedorn, Lois Ann Yamanaka, Jhumpa Lahiri, Marilyn Chin, and many others.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 6921. MODERN LANGUAGE POLITICS. (3 Credits)

Early twentieth century literature and theory was preoccupied with the relationship between language and politics, from the acknowledgement of minority and non-standard linguistic forms, to questions over the relationship between violence and language (whether or not, to paraphrase Adorno, one can write poetry after Auschwitz), to the idea of literary form itself enacting a kind of political resistance. In this course, we will analyze some of the competing philosophies about language circulating during this period and interrogate how modernist writers responded and contributed to these discussions. Likely authors include James Dawes, Theodor Adorno, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Ernest Hemingway, Paul Celan, Gertrude Stein, Americo Paredes, Zitkala-Sa, and Jean Toomer.

Attribute: ENAL.

ENGL 7001. EARLY MODERN LYRIC POETRY. (3 Credits)

The past few years have witnessed a resurgence of critical interest in early modern/Renaissance lyric. Many methodological issues it raises are germane to the lyric poetry of other periods as well. The questions we will explore include, among others: What are the potentialities and problems of the new formalism? How if at all should close reading be recuperated? How does the new interest in the material text lead us to interpret the visual appearance of lyric poetry, other results of printing and publishing practices, and the poem as artifact or object? In what ways does lyric gender, and in what ways is it gendered? How does space/place theory, more often deployed in relation to drama and prose fiction, illuminate the workings of the lyric? Whereas the primary focus of this seminar is the period between about 1500 and 1660, it is also designed for those with other interest and areas of expertise. If any participants in the group are poets themselves, they will have opportunities to engage with issues of craft and to submit poems in lieu of one of the shorter assignments. And those primarily interested in lyric poetry written in other periods can focus on those texts in at least two classes and if they wish write their seminar papers partly or entirely on it.

ENGL 7007. DISPLACING THE RENAISSANCE: TRAVEL, RACE, AND COLONIALISM. (3 Credits)

Investigates how literature of the English Renaissance takes part in developing discourses of race and colonialism in the period. Authors to be studied include Ascham, Nashe, Spenser, Marlow, Shakespeare, and Massinger, among others.

Attributes: ENAL, ENBE.

ENGL 7021. ROMANTICISM AND ECOCRITICISM. (3 Credits)

PhD seminar that considers the literature of the Romantic era alongside ecocritical theory.

ENGL 7744. Paracolonial Studies: After Postcolonial Theory. (3 Credits)

This course will examine recent developments in (and beyond) postcolonial theory. While the primary focus will be on 20th and 21st- century theory and literature, the course will consider texts and cultural documents from earlier periods to explore how postcolonial studies belong to a wider reshaping of literary histories. The course will be organized around the study of a select few contemporary writers (Toni Morrison, Amitav Ghosh, and Pramoedya Ananta Toer are likely choices). Works by these writers will be read alongside postcolonial theorists (e.g., Homi Bhabha, Ania Loomba, Walter Mignolo, Gayatri Spivak, Gauri Viswanathan) and in conjunction with earlier works both canonical (e.g., Collins, De Quincey, Defoe, Dryden, and Shakespeare) and less canonical (e.g., Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir's Hikayat Abdullah, and documents from the Dutch and English East India Company records).

ENGL 7829. FICT PUB SPH: AM LIT 1776-1900. (3 Credits)

Using concepts of the public sphere drawn from critical theory, feminism, and political philosophy, this course will examine the development in late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American literature and culture of the gendered distinctions between public and private, domesticity and the market, reason and sentimentality. Several historical problems will structure our theoretical, critical, and literary readings, including: the development of the doctrine of separate spheres, or domestic ideology; the effect of counter-publics, or alternative models of the public sphere, based in social movements such as temperance, feminism, and abolitionism; the political meanings of emotions, especially the key sentimental concept of sympathy; and shifting notions of how the practices of reading and writing literature were supposed to prepare citizens - especially boys and men - for participation in politics and civil society.

Attribute: ENAE.

ENGL 8935. DISS. WRITING SEMINAR. (0 Credits)

Designed as a resource for all doctoral students who have passed the comprehensive exam. Students working on the dissertation proposal are encouraged to take this class. During each meeting students will present and respond to work in progress. Across the semester, the seminar will treat challenges of bibliographic research and strategies of effective writing specific to large projects. Attention will also be given to the preparation of material for academic publication.

ENGL 8936. ISSUES IN SCHOLARSHIP AND ACADEMIA. (0 Credits)

This 0-credit seminar, open to all doctoral students, will provide a forum in which to discuss the issues that shape the pursuit of a career professing literature as well as the pursuit of a career outside of the academy. Each semster's combination of guest-presentations and brief, selected readings will vary according to particpants' desires, but typical topics might include the following: General Education and the English Department; Journal Editing and the Intellectual Life; Humanities Education and Globalism; and The Ph.D. in English and the World Outside. Selected readings might include excerpts from Louis Menand, "The Marketplace of Ideas"(2010); Stanley Fish, "Save the World on Your Own Time "(2008); Frank Donoghue, "The Last Professors: The Corporate University and the Fate of the Humanities"; and Katherine N. Hayles' "Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary."

ENGL 8996. MASTER'S CAPSTONE. (3 Credits)

Master's Students who have completed 2 courses of their 10 required courses towards their degree requirements will convert an existing 12-20 page class paper into a 20-25 page essay, revised for (theoretical) submission to a specific academic journal. In transforming a course paper into a prospective article, MA students will be required to review journals in the field, choose one, develop a critical methodology appropriate to that scholarly publication, and adapt their work to its specific editorial norms. Students will work under the supervision of the Director of Placement and Professional Development in English.

ENGL 8997. Master's with Writing Concentration Capstone. (0 Credits)

The MA with Writing Concentration (MA w/WC) degree students who have completed 6 of their 10 courses toward their degree requirements will complete a substantial writing project of approximately 30 pages of poetry or 40 pages of fiction or nonfiction under the direction of a creative writing faculty member as their exit requirement.

ENGL 8998. ENGLISH GRADUATE INTERNSHIP. (1 to 3 Credits)

Will be processed through graduate internship.

ENGL 8999. INDEPENDENT STUDY. (0 to 4 Credits)

ENGL 9999. DISSERTATION DIRECTION. (1 Credit)

Doctoral students who have had their dissertation proposals accepted must register for this each semester up to and including the one in which they defend. The one exception is for students defending in the summer semester before their summer graduation deadline, the registration may be for ENGL 0910 Maintenance.